A dental bridge is a form of restoration used in the replacement of missing teeth. There are different types of bridge and they can be made from a range of materials. The main types of dental bridges are the Maryland bridge, cantilever bridge and traditional fixed bridge. The material used can be porcelain, metal or porcelain bonded to metal.
Types of bridge
A traditional fixed dental bridge is made up of a false tooth and two crowns. This type of bridge is used when the teeth adjacent to the gap are healthy and strong enough to support the crowns.
A Maryland bridge is applicable if the space is affecting the front mouth and the neighbouring teeth are healthy.
A cantilever bridge is recommended if strong teeth are on one side of the space. The bridge is fused on one side of the absent tooth.
Why would I need a dental bridge?
A dental bridge may be needed if you are missing teeth through injury, gum disease or decay. It is beneficial to replace missing teeth to improve the function of the mouth, enhance smile aesthetics and diminish the risk of oral diseases. Tooth gaps also increase pressure on neighbouring teeth, which can result in unwanted movement and possible bite problems.
What does treatment involve?
Fitting a dental bridge is relatively simple and there is often no need for anaesthetic. We will first discuss the different types of bridge and explain what the procedure entails.
Your dentist will numb the gums to prevent any discomfort, and then the teeth are prepared on either side or one side of the gap, to allow additional room for the new crowns. A mould will be taken and used by technicians for the bridge.
A temporary bridge may be fitted until the permanent bridge is ready. We will discuss shades and materials to ensure you are happy with the look of the bridge. We will fit the dental bridge, check the fit and then fix it into position.
How long should a dental bridge last?
A dental bridge should last up to 15 years if it is cared for. The bridge should be cared for in precisely the same manner as natural teeth.